Important Wars of The 20th Century | History Study Material (English)


Important Wars of The 20th Century - History Study Material

Russo-Japanese war (1904 – 1905):

The conflict arising from the rivalry of Russia and Japan for control of manchria and Korea resulted in the war. Russia was forced to surrender Korea, the Listing Peninsula and Sakhalin to Japan.

First world war (1914 – 1918):

International conflict began between Australia and Serbia. The chief contestants where the central powers and the Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia). Many other countries joined as the war began. The naval blockade of Germany caused severe food storages and help to end the war.

Sino – Japanese Wars (1931 – 1933):

Two wars between China and Japan marketing beginning and end of Japanese imperial expansion on the Asian mainland. The first war in 1894-1895 across from revelry of control of Korea. The second war in 1937 – 1945 developed from Japan’s seizure of Manchuria.

Second World War (1939-1945):

International conflict arising from disputes provoked by the expansionist policies of Germany in Europe and Japan in the far East. The axis powers- Germany, Italy and (after September 1940) Japan-controlled most of Europe and much of Northern Africa, China and Asia. The United States stayed out of the war until 7th December, 1941.

Arab-Israeli War (1948-1949, 1956, 1967, 1973-1974):

Conflict between Israel and the Arab states. After the creation of the state of Israel (14th May, 1948), troops from Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria and Trans Jordan (Modern Jordan)invaded the new nation. Simmering Arab-Israeli hostilities exploded into war in 1967, when Israel, assailed by Palestinian guerrillas, launched a massive primitive strike against Egypt, the Arab world's leading state.

Korean War (1950-1953):

Conflict between North Korea, supported by China and South Korea supported by UN forces dominated by the USA. Negotiations Continued for two years before a truce was agreed on in July 1953.

Vietnam War (1954-1975):

Conflict between US backed South Vietnam and the Viet Cong, who had the support of Communist North Vietnam. It followed the partition of Vietnam. In 1975, South Vietnam was overrun by North Vietnamese forces, and the country was united under Communist rule.

Iran-Iraq War (1980-1990):

War began shortly after the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Iraq wanted control over oil-rich Iranian border territory.

Falkland War (1982):

Military conflict between Great Britain and Argentina on the question of sovereignty over the Falkland Islands led to the war Britain won the war

Gulf War (1991):

Military action by a Us led coalition to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Kuwait was liberated (26th February, 1991) and a ceasefire was declared on 28th February.

Bosnian War (1992-1998):

Ethnically rooted war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic of Yugoslavia with a multiethnic population-Muslims, Serbs and Croats.

US-Afghan War (2001):

Military action by US against Afghanistan in protest against the 11th September's, attack on WTC Towers.

Gulf War II (2008):

Military action by a US led coalition to oust Saddam Hussain from power in Iraq. It was conducted on the pretext of Iraq possessing Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD).

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